Monthly Archives: July 2018

Travelling To Chestnut City

Kiev is located in Eastern Europe, it is the capital of Ukraine country. The better time for going to Kiev is May month, because during this time all the city is blossoming with fascinating white and pink chestnut “pyramids”, once feeling this unforgettable flowers’ aroma you will fall in love with this city. The lilies of the valley, white “bells” with tender fragrance and magic abundance of various kinds of lilac make it unforgettable place, ideal for travelling with beloved people.

Travelling to Kiev is very easy to organize. All you need is to book Kiev apartments via internet and order airplane or bus tickets to get there. In such a way you don’t need to depend on touristic groups or fixed journey time. Select the best time you wish and the most suitable apartments you want to live in. In spring any Kiev street is wonderful. There are interesting historical facts regarding the origin of chestnut plantings in Kiev. Officially the first time chestnut trees appeared in Kiev was in 1842, they were brought from Balkans just before the visit of Russian emperor Nicholas I. All main city streets were planted with chestnuts.

When the emperor found out about this, he ordered to cut down all these trees and plant poplars and lime trees on those places. The order was executed, but according to the legend, locals were so amazed with beauty and fragrance of chestnut trees, that gathered all cut branches and planted them on their courtyards, everywhere in the city besides those places where the emperor could go. According to another version, the first chestnut trees appeared in Kiev in 1825. They were planted on the courtyard of the Kiev-Pecherskaya Laura (one of the main religious city centers). Local people took the branches from there and planted them everywhere they could. In such a way Kiev became a chestnut city.

The local climate is ideal for these trees. That is why chestnuts feel very well here, and every year they present people with luxuriant white flowering bunches. The period of blossoming is rather short: about 2 – 3 weeks, usually it starts on May 8th – 10th and lasts till the end of month. When the chestnuts throw down their flowers, this spectacle can be compared only with Japanese cherry tree flourish. At the same time the lilac is in blossom, and after it the turn of decorating Kiev goes to white acacias.
There are three kinds of chestnuts growing here: horse chestnut, Ohio buckeye and red horse chestnut. Ohio buckeye begins to blossom before the rest. These are small trees with short leaves and white flowers that cover the whole crone of the tree. The interesting fact is that they are firstly covered with flowers, and only then leaves begin to appear.

Red horse chestnut is a hybrid of common horse chestnut and “fish poison” chestnut. It was found in 1818. It has unusual red-yellow blossom clusters. The climate is so good here that in the fall, mostly in the middle of September, the chestnuts are blossoming second time a season.
Travelling to Kiev will be very enjoyable for those who missed the city romance. Recently this city was the greenest European capital. Today it has lost this status, but it is still very beautiful, full of parks and gardens. It is much greener than London or Paris. Besides rich floral abundance, Kiev is famous for its architecture that combines various styles and epochs.

To explore amazing places of interest you even don’t need the guide service. Whenever you are, you will definitely find some interesting museums, galleries or churches that are worth visiting. By the way, a great occasion of your romantic trip to Kiev will be visiting the center of modern art – Pinchuk Art Center. It is also unusual place, its success is made of contrasts: joint exhibitions of old traditional works and modern startling artistic masterpieces. Be ready for unforgettable impressions, new emotions and excellent relaxing pastime with your best companion.

Smart Travelling For Smart People

Ghana is the most fascinating place to visit in West Africa. The gracious people, the plentiful flora, the vibrant festivals, the animated music, the vigorous markets, the flawless beaches and a unique way of life are some of the attractions that everyone with love of travelling should experience at least once in life.

Travelling by car is an experience that gives full freedom of exploring everything that attract you and for how long you wish and Ghana is a place that surely justifies to be explored with total lack of restrictions and eagerness of a fascinated traveler.

Plenty of opportunities are available to find online car rental sites, where you can book and reserve Ghana car by approved and well-maintained Ghana travel & transport sites. This online purchasing and hiring has made life so much simpler and easier when it comes to traveling around places in Ghana. And now when most people have access to the internet either in their offices, at home or in their pockets then why waste time and energy in wandering for finding a car dealer.

Car hire services provide listing of cars for dealers, offer low prices and make available wide variety of vehicles making it possible for everyone to find a vehicle convenient for their stay in Ghana. You can evaluate offers from leading car hire suppliers and choose car rental supplier according to your preferences and then make your selection from wide variety of Ghana cars, depending on your passenger and baggage quantity requirements. Some deluxe cars are even provided with air conditioning and satellite navigation.

There are some precautions one must take while renting a Ghana car. One should check that the car match to the conditions mentioned in the contract. Specifically, check the amount of fuel in the tank and ensure that if it is full. If not then either ask for the refilling of the fuel or ask to change the contract details. Do not overlook to examine the car body for any defects in the paint, wheel disk or other detectable parts of the vehicle.

Before signing any contract with the rental agency, it is imperative to be sure you be aware of all of the terms. As terms and conditions of rental contracts differ very much from one car rental agency to the other. Some agencies include fuel costs in the total cost; with others you are responsible for this. Taxes, insurance and other charges must also be measured carefully as these are not generally mentioned in the advertised charges. One should not feel hesitant in asking any questions and ensure you arent paying for services you dont require.

To have savings on car rentals, the best strategy is to plan in advance. An online search can facilitate you get deals on car rentals in Ghana. If you have queries regarding the terms then call the company prior to giving them any money. It is difficult to get a good deal if you wait to get your car till the last minute, rather than booking a week or more beforehand. Just taking care of few safety measures can make your travelling experience to Ghana memorable forever.

Tour Coach Hire – Detailing The Option That Is Synonymous With Comfort Travelling

The prospect of travelling is considered not exactly entertaining for people who seek comfort and ease in life. Despite, people with a disinclination for tough jobs prefer to travel to different places to see new things and meet new people. Subtracting the obvious and bare minimum hardships of travelling, the trip can be extremely fun-filled. In order to secure maximum ease and least trouble, tour coach hire is the best possible option. Hiring coaches is the best possible way to eliminate the tension of finding the best mode of communication during the tour. Coaches depending on your travel purpose are available, such as corporate coach hire for business tours, leisure coach hire for pleasure tours, etc.

The coach providing companies keep luxury and sight-seeing coaches in their fleet in order to maximise the entertainment and comfort quotient of the trip. Offered for both budget and executive travel, the coaches are intended to substitute the rental cabs and cars which is why they are provisioned to offer maximum comfort. The tour coach hire companies are normally privately owned enterprises with an extensive line of luxury cruises to offer touring service to multiple batches of tourists. The coaches are air-conditioned, and equipped with fluffy cushion, reclining seats and wide-cut glass windows that promise utmost comfort and un-compromised visual. The corporate coach hire companies usually offer coaches with large television screen and sound boxed fitted in the interior for presentation and discussion.

The coaches are either open-topped like the sight-seeing buses or glass-walled on the sides that enable transparency. The best thing about tour coach hire is that you get to travel the place with a group of other travelers and have a great time sharing stories, experiencing travelling in groups and learning so much. The coaches stop at all the significant points of the cities to allow the tourists to alight and take a look around on their own. Then, at the scheduled hour, the buses depart from the halt point after people are back on board. However, for corporate coach hire, normally a single stage coach is hired for a single company of business travellers.

The rental coaches vary in their seat counts starting at 6 per bus going up to 73, depending on the size and capacity of the bus. Thus, if youre travelling in groups, you can hire an entire bus depending on the number of heads or travel in a large coach with others if thats feasible an option for you. Group tours organised by the tour coach hire companies are mostly tailored to fit the specifications and conveniences of the boarders. You can hire coaches that are luxury or semi-luxury, whatever your budget allows and enjoy a worry free tour around the place without having to run to car rental companies and signing leases. The drivers appointed with the company are professionals who are trained sporadically to ensure that their skills are sharpened and compatibility with different coaches improve for greater safety of the passengers.

Travelling with Children at Christmas

When travelling with children you’ll often find the usual checklist that you used to tick of items to pack when travelling alone has more than quadrupled in size and a journey that was once easy becomes a task that needs to be prepared for. Whether it be finding the right sized travel cot or finding out how much baby milk you can take on a plane, the questions and tasks seem to be endless. We’ve put together a few key points that you’ll need to think about and a few recommended child safety products perfect for travelling with children. The plane The first bit on fun you’ll have at the airport will be checking in your bags whilst trying to take care of your children. As holidays and travelling can be a new adventure for children and get them excited, the chances of them misbehaving grows and so does your headache. Depending on the age of your child or children make sure you have packed some toys that are easy to carry to keep them entertained. Our essential baby safety equipment to keep your child safe in the airport would be our ID tags, they prove a god send if your child gets lost.

In terms of the plane journey itself most airlines have heightened security measure around how much baby milk you are allowed to take on a plane and the amounts of baby food so it is worth checking before flying. To keep your luggage down a compact changing bag with everything you need in it is a wise choice, our First Years fold and go changing bag is a child safety product of choice. Sleeping Arrangements A travel cot comes in all shapes and sizes so much so that it can be difficult to choose the right travel cot for you. The first thing to look at is the age of your child, if there is a spare bed in your room would a travel bed rail be easier than a travel cot? Travel bed rails in general pack up smaller than a travel cot but are only really safe when your child is more mobile. Smaller travel cots that pop up are a modern alternative to traditional travel cots and are often less bulky. Take a look at our pop up bubble cots; they are a popular child safety product choice. Feeding For all of the latest child safety products perfect for travelling take a look at our travelling with children section of our website or contact a child safety product expert for more information.

Cheap Holidays 2011 – Avoid Travelling During The School Holidays And Bank Holidays 2011 – The Dates

Cheap Holidays 2011 – Avoid Travelling During the School Holidays and Bank Holidays 2011 – The Dates:

When planning your cheap holidays for 2011 from the United Kingdom, you need to consider when the school holidays and bank holidays will be, as prices are much higher over these periods. You can pick up a real bargain holiday if you avoid travelling during these periods, so here are the dates right here so you can plan your cheap holiday without paying unnecessary supplements.

New Years Day: Monday January 3rd 2011
Good Friday: Friday April 22nd 2011
Easter Monday: Monday April 25th 2011
Royal Wedding Bank Holiday: Friday April 29th 2011
Early May Bank Holiday: Monday May 2nd 2011
Spring Bank Holiday: Monday May 30th 2011
Summer Bank Holiday: Monday August 29th 2011
Boxing Day: Monday December 26th 2011
Christmas Day Holiday: Tuesday December 27th 2011

School Holidays including Half Terms for 2011 vary all over the country so check your local borough, but a good guide would be these dates below, taken from London schools. Prices are always much higher during these periods so if you don’t need to take children in school on holiday then you will want to avoid booking holidays during these dates:

Christmas and New Year 2010/ 2011: School broke up on Friday 17th December 2010 and return on Thursday 6th January 2011

February (spring) half term 2011: Schools break up on Friday 18th February 2011 and return on Monday 28th February 2011

Easter Holidays 2011: Schools break up on Friday 8th April 2011 and return on Tuesday 26th April 2011. You must also bear in mind that the Royal Wedding will be on Friday 29th April and many people will be taking the three days off in between as well as extending to the Bank Holiday on Monday 2nd May, so basically you will not be finding any cheap holidays at all between Friday 8th April and Tuesday May 3rd! It does however mean that if you are willing to pay the peak supplements, you can have an 11 day holiday from 22nd April until the 2nd May and only need to take three days of work!

May (Summer) Half Term 2011: Schools break up on Friday 27th May 2011 and return on Monday 6th June 2011

Summer Holiday 2011: Schools break up on Friday 22nd July 2011 and return on Thursday 1st September 2011

October (Autumn) Half Term 2011: Schools break up on Friday 21st October 2011 and return on Monday 31st October 2011

Christmas and New Year 2011/ 2012: Schools break up on Friday 16th December 2011 and return on Wednesday 4th January 2012

If you are looking for cheap holidays or cheap flights, it is very important to look outside the dates mentioned above and you will find some really good bargains.

Buckinghamshire – a great destination for a short break in a holiday cottage

Buckinghamshire is one of the loveliest of the Home Counties, with a rich variety of landscapes; soft rolling hills and lush wooded valleys, wide, open vales, the meandering River Thames and dark dense forests.

A Buckinghamshire cottage provides the perfect base for exploring this county, over a third of which is covered by the Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The Chilterns themselves stretch 75 miles from Bedfordshire through Buckinghamshire to Oxfordshire and are covered in impressive beech woods which are spectacular in the autumn, making the county a great destination for a short break in a holiday cottage.

To appreciate the vernacular heritage of the area a visit to The Chiltern Open Air Museum is recommended. It was established over 30 years ago with the aim of preserving some of the historic buildings unique to the Chilterns. Visitors can explore more than 30 buildings that span 200 years of history, all rescued from demolition.

Whilst travelling around the Chilterns dont miss the village of Turville which has been the location for many film and television scenes and most recently was Dibley in The Vicar Of Dibley. Nearby Hambleden was the home of William Henry Smith, founder of the book and newspaper chain W H Smith. He died in 1891 and is buried in the new cemetery. Lord Cardigan, famous for his role in leading the ill-fated Charge of the Light Brigade, was born in the Manor House. The sea chest that he took to the Crimea can be seen in the church.

Lovers of historic houses are spoilt for choice with perhaps the finest Waddesdon Manor and Cliveden. Waddesdon is considered one of the best examples of a Victorian garden in Britain with a parterre, seasonal displays, colourful shrubs, carpet bedding, statuary, fountains and parkland. At its heart lies the rococo-style aviary housing exotic birds and known for breeding endangered species. The aviary glade is the location of a new acquisition called Perceval by Sarah Lucas, a life-sized, bronze horse and cart.

Once the home of the fabulous Astors, Clivedens Grade I listed garden has recently undergone, and continues to receive, major conservation and restoration works. The spectacular south-facing parterre has been completely replanted and offers magnificent views over the Thames Valley and beyond. The lawns to the front of the Italianate mansion are flanked by great herbaceous borders providing summer-long colour.

Jet connet India – Connecting India!

Who doesn’t love travelling by air? Air travel has found synonyms like WOW, marvellous and touching the clouds associated with it. The reason is very simple. Being considered a costly luxury, travelling by air has traditionally meant only for the elite or a class that can spend lavish amount. This was true also as all the carrier companies providing their services in India were not affordable and out of the reach of a common man. This long persisting idea of air travel is equal to unaffordable luxury was soon made redundant by the visions of the people at Jet-Airway as they introduced the first commercial low-cost brand Jetlite India in India and won the hearts of millions of middle-class people. Based on the simple principle of no pompous and no embellishments while flying, the Jetlite India was able to lower its operation cost per flight as no free meal, food and beverage services were included into the flight and in case a person wanted these services, they could be purchased. This made the air fare considerably low and affordable.

Few years after its launch the Jetlite India has been revamped and has been merged into a fully functional low-cost airline brand called Jetconnect which successfully covers cities like the Metros of Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai and the Tier II cities like Ahmadabad, Hyderabad and too with aircrafts like the Boeing along with the other smaller aircrafts.

The high-light attraction of the Jet Konnect Indiaairlines is that it has really made air-travelling affordable, low- cost and preferred means of faster travel option. A middle class or an upper middle class person can now think of flying to his dream destination in India and that too on aircrafts like Boeing with no exorbitant tickets. Apart from this, for people willing to spend a little more, it offers services of Premium class on selected routes where the person enjoys the advantages offered on the commercial Jet Airways flight. These services include the meal services along with the lounge services offered on the ground. For its loyal customers, as a token of thanks, it also offers some incentives and surprises, which are offered on count of the numbers of miles that are travelled using the services of Jetconnect.

Offering a novel experience is the Jet konnect web check in facility that allows you to check-in at the airport sitting right at your home or office at with just a click. Forget the pangs of standing in long queues and waiting for your chance for check-in. Instead, use the online interactive facility of Jet konnect web check in and save your precious time.

International Sim Cards – Stay Connect While Travelling Abroad

It’s a small world out there due to rapid development in telecommunication sector. People are in constant touch with their near and dear ones through their mobile phones. However, one faces the real problem in staying connected when he/she travels abroad. While travelling abroad is no easy task and the Internet may provide reason for tech-savvy Smartphone owners who remain planted within the borders of their home nation, the World Wide Web suddenly becomes a whole lot less easy to track down once you land on foreign soil.

Staying connected means in general terms having access to voice communication and Internet at all times. GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) is surely a winner in global communication as there is no developing nation in the world that doesn’t support GSM, so if you’re looking to talk on your mobile while in a foreign land, go for mobile handsets with 3G support. 3G support is required because many nations won’t have network support for any technology that’s older than 3G technology. If your current mobile is equipped for voice communication overseas, it is great news. But if it is imperative to make and receive calls on your exact mobile number, you will have to pay dearly to enjoy the privilege. International voice minutes on a cell phone are absurdly expensive, even with prepaid global minute packs from your very own carrier. It is a bad or costly idea to use your existing mobile number to make/receive calls outside of the country. However, all of these values can shrink if you purchase a monthly global calling plan or pre-pay for global data, but mind you, it is never “cheap” to roam. So do not ever, under any circumstance, roam with your local mobile connection. You’ll never pay off the roaming bill. Just rent an unlimited WiFi, SIM card, or entire WWAN card for around $20 to $30 per day in most places. Proactive users can rent one ahead of time to avoid the hassle post-landing.

In case you need to make voice calls from your mobile while outside of the country, you can do so thanks to Skype, which is an affordable way to make and receive calls when you’re abroad. If you intend to use your own phone internationally, buy a global roaming plan before leaving, and attempt to use Skype whenever possible and use those only as informational minutes. Just ring your carrier and ask about global roaming packs – they’ll be happy to oblige. Skype is currently available for Android, iPhone OS, BlackBerry OS and Windows Mobile, so the vast majority of existing Smartphone owners should be taken care of. Before heading out on your journey, add a $10 or $20 credit onto your Skype account, which will allow you to make calls back to your homeland from $0.021 per minute. Just because some carriers will allow you to make a Skype call over 3G, it doesn’t mean you should. It will mean that you have to pay for Skype and data roaming charges for a single call. Always stay in a hotel, hostel, resort or tent with gratis internet access, preferably WiFi so your Skype-enabled mobile can connect easily.

In most European countries, CDMA based mobile phones won’t work as they have GSM infrastructure only. It is almost always the best and cheapest to rent an international SIM card or mobile phone, thankfully most of the major international airports have phone rental shops where you can get the best deals. Apart from running into language barriers, the biggest pain is communicating your temporary phone number to your loved ones back home, while simultaneously telling them that it’ll cost them dearly if they need to dial up that international number. One thing to be mindful of here, however, is that some nations do not allow for inter-carrier texting. If you and your buds are heading over someplace, it’s smart to all rent mobiles / SIM cards from the same carrier. An old school calling card is also a great way to phone home so long as your hotel doesn’t ding you for calling out to a toll-free number.

Lift Capacity, Safe Work Load, Operating Load, Tipping Loads – What Do They Mean

Choosing a mini loader, skid steer loader, front end loader, wheel loader or mini telescopic loader that will do your job safely and effectively is of paramount importance, but what does all the jargon mean? There can be a confusing array of specifications stated on brochures, but they may not be showing the true picture. Some of the figures include tipping load, operating load, safe working load, and hydraulic lift capacity.

The most relevant specifications to compare different brands of mini loaders and skid steers is the Safe Working Load (SWL) or Operating Load of the articulated loader, mini telescopic or skid steer and to make sure these calculations have been done using the AS, ISO or SAE. It is of paramount importance to check that the SWL measurements have been performed using one of the above codes, as some manufacturers may state tipping load at the hitch, which is not the centre of gravity of the bucket or pallet forks, so the actual capacity will be a lot lower. Further details are explained below.

If a mini telescopic loader is being compared to a front end loader, then the tipping height must also be taken into account. Often mini telescopic loaders do not have a useful working height when retracted and must be telescoped out before they can load a truck or a trailer. Sometimes they don’t even have any clearance from the wheels when retracted. In the case of a telescopic loader the useful working height’s tipping load must be taken into account as the tipping load decreases significantly when the mast is telescoped out from the loader. The way to compare tipping loads of a front end load to a telescopic loader is to extend the telescopic mast so the pivot point is the same as the front end loader and then compare the tipping loads.

Specifications such as hydraulic lift capacity have no relevance as to what a loader driver can actually lift. The hydraulic lift capacity merely states what the loader, if chained to the ground so it couldn’t tip over, could lift.

The accepted method for determining a loaders capacity is to measure the loaders tipping load. The figure gained determines the Safe Working Load (SWL), also commonly called the Operating Load. There is a recent trend to call the recommended capacity Operating Load as it shows the driver they must still operate the load in a responsible manner, as this load in particular situations is enough to create instability in loader.

The tipping load of a front end loader, mini loader, wheel loader, or skid steer is measured with the mast fully extended laterally. A loader mast creates an arc in the air when lifted from the lowest point to the highest point. The tipping load of the front end loader is highest when it is lowest to the ground as the tool frame is closest to the front axle. As the mast moves upwards to the horizontal position, the tool frame is in the most distant position from the front axle, giving the lowest tipping capacity of the front end loader. This is because the centre of gravity of the load is further away from the machine. A similar principle applies to people – try picking up 10kg close to your chest and then extend your arm out to full extension – it is a lot more difficult to lift and it creates a tipping movement in the direction of the load. As the mast moves in an arc further upwards, to its highest point, the centre of gravity of the load on the tool frame actually comes closer to the machine, so the tipping load increases again.

Tipping load is measured using a weigh cell and chain attached to the ground with the mast in a horizontal position (see ISO…..). The tipping load for a loader with a bucket is calculated by taking a line through the centre of gravity of the bucket when it is fully crowded back and attaching this to the weigh cell vertically positioned underneath it and bolted to the floor. The rear of the front end loader is also loosely chained to stop it tipping over. Pressure is put on the bucket line via tensioners or a pulley-cable system until at least one of the loaders wheels is off the ground. As the loader is starting to tip over, this measurement is recorded as the tipping load straight of the front end loader or skid steer.
The tipping load for a front end loader with a set of forks is calculated with the pallet forks in a horizontal position and the weigh cell positioned at the centre of gravity of the load on the forks. It is important when comparing loaders to check where the manufacturer states their centre of gravity is on the forks, as the closer to the machine will give a higher tipping load.

One must note that the tipping load is a STATIC MEASUREMENT taken on a hard even surface, so this figure shouldn’t be taken as the weight a loader can actually lift in the field. Uneven terrain, boggy ground, slopes, braking, momentum from travelling and raising/lowering the mast must all be taken into account and so guidelines for SWL have been set up.

The above description of measuring the tipping load when the vehicle is straight is true for rigid bodied loaders such as skidsteers and backhoes. This is because in a rigid bodied loader the effective distance of the counterweight relative to the tool frame cannot change. However in an articulated loader, the front chassis turns independently to the rear chassis and on full articulation the counterweight is closer to the tool frame, changing the tipping load.

When tipping loads measurements are being taken for SWL calculations wtih articulated loaders, they are measured in two positions – one when the articulated loader is straight and the other tipping load when the loader is fully articulated.

After tipping load measurements have been performed these are used to calculate the SWL or Operating Load’s. For rigid bodied loaders, 50% of the tipping load straight is used as the SWL. For articulated loaders, 50% of the fully articulated tipping load is used as the SWL. 50% of the tipping load is used to take into account the variables mentioned above – such as uneven terrain and momentum from travelling.

The golden rule for operating any loader, in particular articulated loaders, is to load with the vehicle straight. Articulated steering is to be used for maneuvering and the bucket or weight is best kept low for this. A lot of reserve safety is built into articulated loaders as 50% of the tipping load when ARTICULATED is used for the SWL, and an operator should never have his bucket in that position. However in a rigid bodied loader, 50% of the tipping load is used, so less reserve is really built in.

Many operators of articulated front end loaders are amazed how much they can lift, as this is because the tipping load when the vehicle is straight is so high, however the operator should always be careful to load within the vehicles SWL for safety. The Australian Standards also state that less weight/material should be put in the bucket of any loader if the operator is working in rough terrain as the terrain will affect the tipping load greatly.

In summary, tipping loads are calculated to determine the SWL or operating loads that are recommended for each model front end loader and skidsteer. Loader operators should be aware of the SWL and drive the loader within its limits to guarantee their own safety and safety of personnel in the vicinity.

Remote Control Car Setup Tips

Setting up a remote control car is as much a science as it is an art, the physics behind rc cars is exactly the same as the physics that governs real cars, if you know how setup changes in a race car work, you already know how to setup a remote control car.

The problem that most people have with setting up RC cars is that when you make a change in one area it always has a knock-on effect on the rest of your settings, setups are very much a balancing act

To start with I’ll concentrate on the basics of handling, over steer and under steer. The physics behind this is pretty simple, if you turn into a corner the center of gravity will move in what ever direction you were initially travelling. Your tires via friction push back with (hopefully) an equal amount of force. When your wheels lose traction and start to slide the energy that was being turned into heat in your tires gets released as inertial energy in the original direction of travel. With cars, both back and front don’t break traction equally, this creates either under steer or over steer, which is how we describe the experience the driver has under these conditions.

Under steer

Under steer is when the front of the car loses traction while the rear of the car still has grip on the tar, the effect is that the nose of the car drifts away from the direction you are turning, turning harder makes it worse, the only thing you can really do is back off the throttle and bleed off speed.

Over Steer

Over steer is the opposite of under steer, and in most cases it’s best to have a little of this. The front of the car keeps traction while the rear lets go. One of the key benefits is that you can typically corner much faster in a car that has some over steer

Over steer / Under steer Tuning tips

There are a lot of ways to tune the handling or your radio controlled car, the easiest is to adjust the front and rear shocks. While there are a lot of options with springs, different oils and all sorts we are just going to concentrate on the basics, most decent shocks have adjustments, either with spacers or bolts that let you adjust how hard or soft the shocks are.

As far as maximum and minimum stiffness goes, make sure that the bottom of your car doesn’t scrape the ground, and on the other end make sure it doesn’t bounce and leave the asphalt, apart from that you need to find the setup that matches your driving style, most people get winning setups off the internet and try to learn to drive them, mind you this is a great starting point, and most championship winners post their setup sheets

Shock Stiffness guide

Stiffen in front = increasing under steer or reducing over steer
Stiffen in rear = increasing over steer or reducing under steer

You may be wondering why one setting makes two changes, this is because it’s all about balance, you could for example setup your rc car by only every changing the rear stiffness, but you would find that when you got the perfect amount of over steer under braking the car would then be uncontrollable during the exit of the corner. It’s all about balance,

Another thing to keep in mind is that when you change the shocks you also change the roll of the car, this the the chassis of the car moving with the inertia, in effect pushing the front tires into the road during breaking and the rear during acceleration. If your shocks are too soft then the transfer might dig your front wheels in and lift the rear enough to make you car spin out, or lose steering under throttle, you have to find the right balance